Erectile dysfunction can be caused by the following factors (or their combination).Organic factors. As a rule, about 80% of the below-mentioned dysfunctions cause erectile problems:
- vascular diseases (atherosclerosis of peripheral vessels, myocardial infarction, arterial hypertension (high blood pressure);
- High blood cholesterol;
- metabolic syndrome is a condition characterized by increased blood pressure, high levels of insulin and cholesterol, and the presence of fat around the waist;
- systemic diseases (diabetes, scleroderma, renal failure, cirrhosis, hemochromatosis, cancer and its therapy);
- neurological causes (epilepsy, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, Alzheimer’s disease);
- Parkinson’s disease;
- hormonal diseases (dysfunction of the thyroid gland, low testosterone levels);
- Peyronie’s disease – the development of scar tissue inside the penis.
- priapism (a disease in which a long-lasting painful erection occurs that is not associated with sexual excitement);
- sickle cell anemia can irreversibly damage the cavernous bodies and penile blood vessels leading to severe erectile dysfunction.
- smoking slows down the blood flow in the veins and arteries, causes a variety of chronic diseases that can lead to erectile dysfunction.
- alcoholism, drug addiction;
- surgery or trauma to the pelvis or spinal cord;
- taking certain medications (antidepressants, antihistamines, drugs to treat high blood pressure, adenoma, or prostate cancer).
Often (in about 50% of cases) the cause of erectile dysfunction are vascular diseases, usually, atherosclerosis of the pelvic arteries – the formation of atherosclerotic plaques (fat deposits in the walls of blood vessels) that interfere with blood flow to the penis. Diseases of the nervous system prevent the transmission of nerve impulses to the brain.
Psychological causes of erectile dysfunction are:
- mental disorders;
In addition, erectile dysfunction is situational and sometimes depends on the specific location, circumstances, partner.
Erectile dysfunction can cause the following complications:
- dissatisfaction with sexual life;
- reduced self-esteem;
- relationship problems with a partner, family problems;
- inability to have children.
With the development of this violation, it is extremely important not only to immediately consult a doctor but also to explain the situation to the partner. Silence is the incorrect strategy. Sincerity will prevent the misinterpretation of male behavior and help preserve a full harmonious relationship.